The unknown to many people Celiac Disease, refers to a chronic disease of the small intestine with hereditary predisposition, which is caused by the body's negative reaction to gluten due to gliadin, a protein contained in wheat, barley and rye.
Although the exact etiology of the syndrome of celiac disease is unknown, it is considered to be an autoimmune disease because the human body, with the stimulus of gluten, triggers immune mechanisms that attack and damage the mucosa of the small intestine. These mechanisms also destroy this mucosa and thus affect the absorption of nutrients substances contained in food.
Although it was previously considered to be a rarer disease (1: 1000) it is now estimated that one in 100 people in the western world suffers from Celiac Disease.
Symptoms can appear at any age after the addition of gluten in the diet and include a variety of effects, such as stool disorders (diarrhea or constipation), anorexia, poor weight gain (especially in young children), weight loss, abdominal bloating and abdominal pain , delayed puberty, chronic osteopenia, dermatitis herpetiformis, behavioral disorders, urticaria, etc .. sometimes the symptoms may be less specific or absent and the only indication is an unexplained iron deficiency anemia and an increase in liver enzymes (transaminases). The long term effects of the disease, if left undiagnosed and untreated, are transformed into adenocarcinoma and lymphoma of the small intestine.
Most people with celiac disease remain undiagnosed because either they never go to the doctor or when they do they are misdiagnosed as having irritable bowel syndrome, the symptoms of which resemble those of celiac disease. For each patient diagnosed with the syndrome of celiac disease, there are 50 others who are undiagnosed.
The diagnosis is made initially with the ability of the physician to suspect the existent probability of the syndrome and then by detecting specific antibodies in the blood.
In contrast with other syndromes of autoimmune diseases, where drugs with immunosuppressive activity such as cortisone have the ability to cause the recession, Celiac disease does not respond to them and a life-long diet to gluten is the only form of therapy that currently exists and is proved to be successful.
Today scientists in Sweden have managed to remove gluten from wheat flour with a non-GMO method. Now people with celiac disease can consume products based on wheat flour free-from gluten, safely. Also, they managed to produce pure oats (without gluten contamination) that reveals new alternatives for a healthy nutrition.